This Helicopter Just Flew On Mars!

The Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars. It has now landed and safely checked in with the rover. It should detach and fly within the first 30-60 days of the mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.
How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).
Plus the aircraft has to be light:
The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!
One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.
The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.
Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende
Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.

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  • The title changed from now on Mars to flew on Mars

    Milan BoonsMilan Boons13 минутын өмнө
  • How many times is he gonna rename this video every time Ingenuity does something? lol

    brianuuuSonic RebornbrianuuuSonic Reborn13 минутын өмнө
  • I’m here to see the title change again for today. 😊

    norweegnorweeg23 минутын өмнө
  • 40 years ago at the age of 19 ish, I was building complex radio controlled model helicopters. Many people told me to grow up ,and stop playing with toys! like a pratt I listened; What an amazing achievement in tec

    Steve LoweSteve Lowe40 минутын өмнө
  • Ingenuity has now successfully flown on Mars! Congrats NASA!

    Introvert AirwaysIntrovert Airways59 минутын өмнө
  • who is here NOW

    irateinwitirateinwitЦагийн өмнө
  • 90 seconds? They should get a good view of the rover. :(

    John WoodJohn WoodЦагийн өмнө
  • Love the name change

    LordofWolvesLordofWolvesЦагийн өмнө
  • Title update. Mad respect

    「CELLO KID」「CELLO KID」Цагийн өмнө
  • I'm sitting wondering how I could watch this years ago but it only flew the other day? I feel a phase shift in my time continuum. Also, the first thing I do with my drones is crash them just to get that out of the way.

    A3Kr0nA3Kr0nЦагийн өмнө
  • Time to change the title... Ah beat me to it!

    Kevin LuoKevin Luo2 цагийн өмнө
  • Just came here after ingenuity successfully took flight on Mars 🙌

    Easton JamesEaston James3 цагийн өмнө
  • Did Derek just edited the title? Yes he did

    awpdogawpdog3 цагийн өмнө
  • This babe flew❤️❤️

    Binaya Kumar NaikBinaya Kumar Naik3 цагийн өмнө
  • JET PROPULSION lab built a craft that flies using lift from rotors instead of jet propulsion? FRAUDS!

    ngwoongwoo3 цагийн өмнө
    • Since pretty much everything they do uses rockets, their name hasn't been accurate for a long time.

      John JayJohn Jay2 цагийн өмнө
  • Thank you for spreading your love and enthusiasm for STEM!!!

    Luke KozlowskiLuke Kozlowski3 цагийн өмнө
  • It flew!

    Saptarshi SarkarSaptarshi Sarkar4 цагийн өмнө
  • Who’s here after Ingenuity made its first flight on Mars?

    Andrew ParkerAndrew Parker4 цагийн өмнө
  • Finally happened

    EcpezeEcpeze4 цагийн өмнө
  • It has been done!!!

    William JonesWilliam Jones4 цагийн өмнө
  • Time to edit the title again

    Dr. Ashutosh MathurDr. Ashutosh Mathur4 цагийн өмнө
    • @Veritasium That was quick, came here to see whether anything changed. Neat ! Congrats to NASA's scientists.

      TejaanshTejaanshЦагийн өмнө
    • @Veritasium AHAHAHAHA!!

      Andrew ParkerAndrew Parker4 цагийн өмнө
    • Done!

      VeritasiumVeritasium4 цагийн өмнө
  • Today it actually flew on mars. What an achievement.

    Wharf RatWharf Rat5 цагийн өмнө
  • From this we learned, that Apu really isn't portraying Indians as a stereotype. They really do sound like that!

    Lars BirkemoseLars Birkemose5 цагийн өмнө
  • And today is flying on Mars! CONGRATULATIONS

    Guillermo LaportaGuillermo Laporta5 цагийн өмнө
  • NASA Lies! Dont believe them. They was never on the moon or on the mars. Do your own research.

    Unbekannt UnbekanntUnbekannt Unbekannt6 цагийн өмнө
    • Shut up you fool. Stay delusioned.

      TejaanshTejaanshЦагийн өмнө
    • Lol.

      Bong OrdanezaBong Ordaneza6 цагийн өмнө
  • Time to edit the title again Derek! Mission was a success!

    Bong OrdanezaBong Ordaneza6 цагийн өмнө
    • The title is now "This Helicopter Just Flew On Mars!" so apparently he did update between your comment and this one.

      danceswithdirtdanceswithdirtЦагийн өмнө
  • Congrats guys! Yay!!

    Bibhas AcharyaBibhas Acharya6 цагийн өмнө
  • Now the title would be this helicopter flew on Mars

    phantom swordphantom sword6 цагийн өмнө
  • Who's here after successful flight of ingenuity....hoorayy

    Shreyash •Kris SIMPShreyash •Kris SIMP6 цагийн өмнө

    Kris SicariKris Sicari6 цагийн өмнө
  • In here after the successful flight!! Kudos to NASA

    reedrickreedrick6 цагийн өмнө
  • Who has come here after this helicopter lands successfully on the mars.

    Theharshbardhan KumarTheharshbardhan Kumar6 цагийн өмнө

    muhammadbiz mrthqmuhammadbiz mrthq6 цагийн өмнө
    • Do you have the almanac? I repeat, do you have the almanac?

      muhammadbiz mrthqmuhammadbiz mrthq6 цагийн өмнө
    • Do you have the almanac? I repeat, do you have the almanac?

      Bibhas AcharyaBibhas Acharya6 цагийн өмнө

    muhammadbiz mrthqmuhammadbiz mrthq6 цагийн өмнө
  • And now, it successfully flew.

    Lieutenant NomadLieutenant Nomad6 цагийн өмнө
  • This helicopter also just flew on Mars!

    PimpSkittelzPimpSkittelz6 цагийн өмнө
  • I'm here because of it's first flight on Mars.

    James SonJames Son7 цагийн өмнө
  • It happened ladies and gentlemen!

    Stream TownStream Town7 цагийн өмнө
  • And this helicopter takes its first flight on Mars

    Ketan LambatKetan Lambat7 цагийн өмнө
  • First flight is successul! Time to update the title!!!

    Patrik AnderssonPatrik Andersson7 цагийн өмнө
  • It has just lifted off 3m! Well done to all!! 19/04/21

    Nathan CNathan C7 цагийн өмнө
  • And they did it! This helicopter has now flown on Mars!! :)

    Andreu TormosAndreu Tormos7 цагийн өмнө
  • Who is here after NASA announced that they just flew with the drone on Mars ?

    Mohnish MageshMohnish Magesh7 цагийн өмнө
  • Time to change the title to "This helicopter has flown on Mars!"

    MobiusMobius7 цагийн өмнө
    • Done :^'

      Valery0p 5Valery0p 5Цагийн өмнө
  • And that thing just had its first flight on Mars. It's just amazing.

    Alberto SegoviaAlberto Segovia8 цагийн өмнө
  • It worked, just took its first flight

    Nico2020Nico20208 цагийн өмнө
  • Title correction: It just flew on Mars.

    loly_YTloly_YT8 цагийн өмнө
  • Ingenuity successfully flew today.

    uday shardauday sharda8 цагийн өмнө
  • "This Helicopter Has Flown On Mars!"

    lepermunnalepermunna8 цагийн өмнө

    A NobbitA Nobbit8 цагийн өмнө
  • THEY DID IT!!!

    Based col. ThynneBased col. Thynne8 цагийн өмнө
  • It worked!

    Jaroslav StaněkJaroslav Staněk8 цагийн өмнө
  • It flew!

    Am_YeffAm_Yeff8 цагийн өмнө
  • Today’s the day!

    Memes from DemaMemes from Dema9 цагийн өмнө
  • Today it will fly after software update

    JackyVividJackyVivid11 цагийн өмнө
  • Nicely explained.

    Premsaroj BhansaliPremsaroj Bhansali12 цагийн өмнө
  • This drone is going to achieve the first powered flight on another planet in 4 hours and 8 minutes!

    BedeyBoyBedeyBoy13 цагийн өмнө

    Juan CarrilloJuan Carrillo14 цагийн өмнө
  • 0.095 swimming in an empty pool... go ahead flail your arms as much as you like. Flap them as fast as you can, you ain't gettin any lift with a near vacuum environment...night time environment temps are -300C +/-40. Nothing is moving...even on a fake ass mars...

    Dodd RougeauDodd Rougeau18 цагийн өмнө
    • "go ahead flail your arms as much as you like" Aha, now we know why the flat earth air force never got off the ground..

      DarkLight 2.1DarkLight 2.14 цагийн өмнө
    • Fortunately aerospace engineers actually calculate the lift before declaring it "impossible".

      John JayJohn Jay7 цагийн өмнө
  • If you'd like to build your own remote controlled version of Ingenuity, please take a look at my instructions on Instructables website.

    RC Lover sanRC Lover san22 цагийн өмнө
  • Hey did you know NASA managed to get a part of the Wright brotherses plane and put it on ingenuity

    Lilia TarlevLilia TarlevӨдрийн өмнө
  • The latest try at a full speed spin up was successful. They are shooting for first flight on 4/19.

    DarkLight 2.1DarkLight 2.1Өдрийн өмнө
  • how does it find a safe spot to land after flight?Өдрийн өмнө
  • i like how you can see this woman is so into her work and her thinking is so fast that you can literally see her trying to say the words before she has even said them. i don't see many people thinking this smart around me. wish i could be in a more high paced learning environmenty

    Adeft ⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻Adeft ⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻3 өдрийн өмнө
  • I imagine even with the heating they did, they used a low temperature battery. I wonder how that technology differs from standard battery technology.

    David ElmDavid Elm4 өдрийн өмнө
  • It sounds like a 1960s f1 car

    Fraser WilsonFraser Wilson4 өдрийн өмнө
  • the former soviet company Kamow is using that rotor design for more than 70 YEARS!! ...

    m ofim ofi4 өдрийн өмнө
  • cooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool

    Aathik AdamAathik Adam4 өдрийн өмнө
  • Chytrá paní doktorka z rodu Inků je milá. Doufám, že po ni nepožadovali, že za to, že vrtulník vystřelí na Mars, musí zaplnit montážní místnost Ingenuity v JPL zlatem až po svou hlavu. Jinak asi cena projektu vyjádřená zlatými cihlami by postavila pořádnou zeď. Dalo by se to lehce vypočítat.

    P VP V4 өдрийн өмнө
  • To this day it failed to fly well........bumer

    Tolis Den Paei KalaTolis Den Paei Kala4 өдрийн өмнө
  • Aerodynamically interesting wingslett near the rotor

    _bin_wave_lab_ _l_e.__bin_wave_lab_ _l_e._5 өдрийн өмнө
  • This didnt age well lol. They could have asked us racing and fpv drone builders for advice , we coulda sent a sortie of drones doing the same thing in the space of that......THING

    Genghis KhanGenghis Khan5 өдрийн өмнө
  • but i thought mars didnt have air, how can it fly?????

    Mark AlexanderMark Alexander5 өдрийн өмнө
    • @Mark Alexander Mars has an atmosphere, it’s just a lot thinner.

      Dale SajdakDale Sajdak5 өдрийн өмнө
    • @DarkLight 2.1 oh i get it mars is in area 51 right?

      Mark AlexanderMark Alexander5 өдрийн өмнө
    • Mars has an atmosphere.

      DarkLight 2.1DarkLight 2.15 өдрийн өмнө
  • Don't anyone ever say to me, that there no such thing as American Exceptionalism , what would you call this??

    Michael ManciniMichael Mancini5 өдрийн өмнө
    • Well okay, but this was actually an international effort.

      John JayJohn Jay7 цагийн өмнө
  • Why did they do the complex pulley system to offset the weight instead of taking the batteries out and reducing the weight that way? Is there something I am missing? Maybe they want to test the entire system without any hardware modifications I suppose?

    Jae ChoiJae Choi5 өдрийн өмнө
  • This will not be the first powered flight. Technically, the sky cranes that lowered the rivers safety to the ground in the last few rover missions have been the first powered flights on other planets.

    Publius2k4Publius2k46 өдрийн өмнө
    • @John Jay We could all play that game. I would have loved to study aeronautics and be working for SpaceX right now, but I had to pick a career trajectory at 19, before I was even old enough to buy alcohol. Imagine my horror when I found myself at 30 in a career I hated and student loan debt that I will never be able to pay back completely. So what did I do to remedy this? Back to school for a masters degree and a mid-life career change. And the cycle continues.

      Publius2k4Publius2k458 минутын өмнө
    • @Publius2k4 I can't really pick a coolest part. Seeing "almost live" video from Mars is pretty cool too. If I had defied my mother's wishes and moved to California, I might have ended up at JPL and be one of the "old men" designing this mission. Oh well.

      John JayJohn JayЦагийн өмнө
    • @John Jay Right. Jet engines and rocket engines both require oxygen for combustion. Jets derive the oxygen from the atmosphere, whereas rockets typically bring the oxygen with them.... of course that’s assuming a petroleum based rocket fuel. Other chemical reactions can also be utilized for rocket propulsion. Ion based propulsion in various spacecraft is probably the coolest form of propulsion that I think is currently used. But Perseverance’s battery is the coolest part of this entire mission, in my opinion. It’s nuclear, so there’s no need to worry about solar panels getting covered in dust.

      Publius2k4Publius2k4Цагийн өмнө
    • @Publius2k4 "If the video had claimed that the helicopter was the first controlled aircraft to achieve flight using aerodynamics to create lift, it would have been accurate." And thus my first comment, wherein I said what (I think) they really meant was first powered aircraft. I mean obviously they know about the other landers and the sky crane, so I think it's pretty obvious they mean the first powered flight using an airfoil. Which, by the way is the way they phrased it today at JPL when the helicopter made its first flight. Rockets and turbine jets only use the same fuel in the sense that a form of kerosene can (but don't have to be) used in both. Plenty of rockets use fuel that isn't even derived from the same sources as jet fuel. But that wasn't my point. My point was that rockets don't require an atmosphere, whereas aircraft (and jet engines) do, so the sky crane isn't really an aircraft. This is getting really pedantic. I'm just letting it go. Good catch on the screen names. I had forgotten who Publius was in U.S. history.

      John JayJohn JayЦагийн өмнө
    • @John Jay I just realized how ironic our screen names are 😂

      Publius2k4Publius2k42 цагийн өмнө
  • No it is not ....

    moslondonmoslondon6 өдрийн өмнө
  • NO, Its in ur hand

    Joshy GreenawayJoshy Greenaway6 өдрийн өмнө
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    Annette HallAnnette Hall7 өдрийн өмнө
  • @2:00 he's comparing a helicopter to a drone(RPM): Parrot AR Drone 2.0 motor - Range of these motors begins at 10,350 RPM and it goes up to 41,400 RPM.

    BBSkunkBBSkunk7 өдрийн өмнө
  • Gronkowski is a scientist!

    Monotone PhotographerMonotone Photographer7 өдрийн өмнө
  • Hats off to Balram

    Ishan PujariIshan Pujari7 өдрийн өмнө
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    Beulah WestBeulah West7 өдрийн өмнө
  • I once coached an Odyssey of the Mind team. The record is holding up to 1,000 lbs. using 35 grams of Balsa.

    William PetersonWilliam Peterson8 өдрийн өмнө
  • Its going to fly in less than a week

    Nature MattersNature Matters8 өдрийн өмнө
  • So, they are spitting, touching, this device without proper protection to avoid microbial residue on another planet, interfering with future discoveries mixed with our microbia. am I crazy or something to think about this?

    lord0olord0o8 өдрийн өмнө
    • That’s not the one that’s actually on Mars

      BopBop8 өдрийн өмнө
  • Also note that the speed of sound on Mars is lower than on Earth

    InCrIpTiOnInCrIpTiOn8 өдрийн өмнө
  • I watched the prop test of this craft a year after this video was uploaded. Epic!

    Drone Dome FPVDrone Dome FPV8 өдрийн өмнө
  • As a FPV Quadcopter pilot, this gets me all excited & nerded out.

    Drone Dome FPVDrone Dome FPV8 өдрийн өмнө
  • Its not first drone Its first Air drone. Dont forget the satalites, the rovers and mini shuttles.

    Akaboy4lifeAkaboy4life8 өдрийн өмнө
  • Nobody did it so I had too "MARSCOPTER GO BRRRRRR!!"

    Tabish SohailTabish Sohail9 өдрийн өмнө
  • Good 😎

  • How does it cope with the extreme temperatures on Mars?

    Ragnar RagnarökRagnar Ragnarök9 өдрийн өмнө
    • It's explained in the video, it uses energy from its battery to power up heaters.

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels6 өдрийн өмнө
    • @ThiccDuck 95 Well, that depends on the season. Mars's atmosphere is about 100 times thinner than Earth's. Without a "thermal blanket," Mars can't retain any heat energy. On average, the temperature on Mars is about minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 60 degrees Celsius). In winter, near the poles temperatures can get down to minus 195 degrees F (minus 125 degrees C). A summer day on Mars may get up to 70 degrees F (20 degrees C) near the equator, but at night the temperature can plummet to about minus 100 degrees F (minus 73 C).

      Ragnar RagnarökRagnar Ragnarök7 өдрийн өмнө
    • its just 0 - -100 degrees cold thats not extreme for robots:D

      ThiccDuck 95ThiccDuck 957 өдрийн өмнө
  • wonder how much cost tax payer that NASA have build bigger version of DJI drone? ;)

    Tomasz BudnikTomasz Budnik9 өдрийн өмнө
  • better way is a cage around cause is it fall on side it finished

    Did3DDid3D9 өдрийн өмнө
  • The first flight is going to take place day after tomorrow!!!!

    Mythili varadhan S rMythili varadhan S r9 өдрийн өмнө
  • Would the speed of sound not be slightly altered if said speed is in a less dense atmosphere ? And would this not alter the speed at which the rotors are able to rotate?

    Rhineland NagelRhineland Nagel9 өдрийн өмнө
    • The speed of sound does not depend on pressure, but it does depend on temperature and the elemental composition of gas. It will be -50C on Mars during the flights, and the atmosphere is largely carbon dioxide instead of mostly nitrogen on Earth. People at JPL know all that, and when they talk about the speed of sound, they mean the speed of sound on Mars.

      How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really Work9 өдрийн өмнө
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  • Great video, it was very cool to see and hear the creators of Ingenuity! But I really wish you would not have said that _"on Earth helicopters spin their blades at 500 rpm"_ (to contrast it with how fast Ingenuity's blades spin 1:45). It is indeed a very intuitive thing to say that Ingenuity flies in the thin atmosphere of Mars _"because its blades spin crazy fast"_ but the reality is much more subtle. The helicopters on Earth spin their blades in a very wide range of rpm, depending on the size of the helicopter -- from below 200 rpm for the large full size helicopters, to 8000 rpm for DJI drones. If we compare Ingenuity to the RC helicopters of equal size, we would see much more similar rpm. RC helicopters with the rotors of the same 1.2 meter diameter as ingenuity (550 or 570 class) spin their blades at 2000-2500 rpm and even faster for some aerobatic flying. This does not, of course mean that Ingenuity is just another off-the shelf RC helicopter -- or course it is different in many parameters! But even though it seems counter-intuitive, the rpm is not one of these differences that make it fly on Mars. It would be more meaningful to say that the very wide and specialized rotor blades of Ingenuity could lift it on Earth with just 500 rpm (if it had sufficient torque, strength etc). Then, 2500 rpm on Mars is indeed very fast in comparison.

    How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really Work9 өдрийн өмнө